Beginning web designers would do well to seek a mentor who can guide them through the journey to become one. Someone with years of experience and an impressive knowledge base could prove invaluable when learning faster.

Understanding the differences between front end and back end design will make you a more well-rounded designer. Learning HTML tags to better your layout structure as well as using CSS to add style can also prove valuable.


Wireframes provide a rough visual outline of a website’s structure. A common step in web design, wireframing serves as a rough visual guide that serves to visualize functionality and user experience; designers typically focus on these aspects when developing wireframes for websites in order to meet users’ needs and reach business goals simultaneously.

At this stage, it’s crucial that you display multiple ideas in order to narrow down and focus on the best ideas. Keep in mind that your goal should be conveying your idea, rather than creating an end product; be willing to listen to feedback and make changes as necessary.

A great wireframe should provide a clear navigational structure and hierarchy of information, free of unnecessary elements like images, videos or written content; placeholder text such as dummy text may be acceptable as long as lorem ipsum (Italian for “let the law decide”) does not occur. Furthermore, try not to use color; it can distract users while being difficult to read in low-fidelity wireframes.


Prototypes are artifacts designed to show users what a product or service will look like, such as models, diagrams, or physical materials that allow designers to test how users will interact with it. Understanding their significance within your design process is vitally important.

Web prototyping allows website creators to visualize the structure of their website before it is coded, while gathering feedback from potential users – something essential in any web project. A prototyping tool can help create an intuitive web interface and make changes before handing off to a developer for final design work.

Prototypes can vary from low-fidelity to high-fidelity depending on the needs of both designers and users. Low-fidelity prototyping works well for early design stages and lets UX teams explore lots of ideas quickly using pencil and paper, while high-fidelity prototypes built using HTML/CSS provide more realistic depictions of what an online website will look like, enabling more rigorous usability tests to be run on it.

Color theory

Color theory is a set of guidelines and rules designed to assist designers in crafting meaningful color schemes for visual interfaces. It draws from knowledge about human optic ability, psychology and culture. Color theory also plays an essential role in branding and marketing as it can evoke certain emotions in audiences that impact how they engage with a product or brand.

Web design requires an in-depth knowledge of color theory, from mixing complementary pairs and harmonious schemes to selecting appropriate shades for backgrounds or accents, using color theory is integral in communicating visually with audiences. When creating logos or selecting shades for backgrounds and accents UI/UX designers use color theory as an effective communication tool through appealing visuals.

As such, it is crucial for designers to become conversant in color theory principles and how various hues, saturations and luminosities elicit specific feelings in viewers.

Red is often associated with dependability, trust and wealth – three qualities law firms often look for when branding. On the other hand, green represents environmental sustainability which explains why Patagonia and Ben & Jerry’s opt for green branding in their branding efforts.


Grids offer designers an overview of an entire page and help ensure consistency throughout. This is especially beneficial when creating designs incorporating information and text elements, as it streamlines the hierarchical process for placing elements on it while at the same time assuring they all line up correctly with consistent spacing between components.

Grid systems can be utilized in many different ways to best fit a particular design style. From a manuscript grid consisting of one column per page to modular grids with horizontal divisions from top to bottom and vertical ones – such as those commonly found on websites and user interface design applications – grid systems offer great versatility when creating responsive layouts.

No matter which grid system is being utilized, it is crucial that when designing a layout the rule of thirds be taken into account. This visual principle states that important elements should be strategically arranged on one of three grid ‘thirds’ for maximum user interaction and attention-grabbing appeal. White space should also be utilized between different elements on the page to prevent too close proximity between them and decrease visual clutter.


Even if you’re not a web designer, you should know that shapes in web design can help communicate messages, evoke certain emotions and add visual appeal. They also add depth and dimension by combining multiple shapes together in different ways to form patterns or designs.

Geometric shapes are among the most frequently encountered design elements, consisting of straight lines and curves. Geometric forms can help a design feel more structured and organized while also adding movement and urgency to a page. Geometric forms also serve as great ways of emphasizing key areas on websites to help visitors navigate through content more easily.

Organic shapes resemble geometric ones in appearance but differ by being more fluid and natural-looking. Hand-drawn organic forms add a personal touch to websites as well as highlight certain areas or frame components on pages.

Other shapes that can be utilized in web design include polygons, hexagons and pentagons. These dynamic forms add dimension and character to your designs while simultaneously adding contrast and balance.


Web design can be tricky. Users encounter two-dimensional canvases displayed directly before them, so adding too much texture may become visually overwhelming. Used sparingly however, textures can add depth and personality to a site as well as enhance user experiences by stimulating specific emotions or memories or tactile sensations.

Texture can help draw attention to certain areas of a page, which can be especially beneficial on information-heavy websites. Textures also contrast text making it easier for visitors to read and comprehend information quickly and efficiently. When selecting textures it is essential that they balance size, color intensity and pattern intensity to avoid overwhelming content with them.

One effective way of adding texture is through image sources that offer free-to-use, high-quality textures, with small file sizes that won’t have an adverse impact on website load times – these resources include Stockvault and Subtle Patterns.


Logos are an essential element of web design. They allow people to recognize your brand and distinguish it from its competition, while serving as an indicator of its values and voice. Logos can take the form of symbols, icons, or stylized text–they may even include innuendoes that add depth without explicitly communicating it.

Logos can be used in many different ways across websites, social media platforms and print materials. A successful logo should be scalable – that means it should look good no matter its size – while matching your website colors to ensure ease of recognition by visitors to your site. If using an image as your logo it should also be of high-quality without copyright restrictions.

When designing a logo, it’s essential to solicit feedback from other designers. Being critical of yourself can be difficult; therefore, outside perspectives can provide invaluable advice. You could also solicit opinions from friends or family. Even better would be finding people familiar with your target audience so that you can receive insight as to how the logo makes them feel.